91. Nam: What are the main threats to the environment today?
A. Threats are possible dangers to the environment.
B. Probably deforestation and global warming.
C. Environmental pollution is a big issue for our planet.
D. We need a clean environment to live in.
92. Lan: How can ordinary people help protect the environment?
A. What can ordinary people do to help the environment?
B. Environment really needs our help.
C. We may use environmentally-friendly Products.
D. Both governments and individuals are to blame on.
93. Nam: Do you do anything to protect the environment?
A. I refuse to use plastic bags and try to recycle as much as possible.
B. I use a lot of plastic bags and containers to save the environment.
C. I’m not interested in the subject of environment.
D. I don’t want to change my lifestyle.
94. Lan: What solution to air pollution can you suggest?
A. Air pollution is really serious these days.
B. Smoke from factory chimneys pollutes the air.
C. Air pollution causes acid rain.
D. People should use public means of transport.
95. Nam: What is the biggest environmental problem facing our country?
A. Too much toxic sewage is dumped at sea.
B. All countries face environmental problems.
C. No one can help protect the environment.
D. Our countiy is facing the biggest environmental problem.
96. Nam: Is global wanning a problem in our country?
A. Global warming is getting more and more serious.
B. Goverments are closely working together to solve environmental problems.
C. Global warming causes sea level to rise.
D. Probably. The temperatures are getting hotter year by year in the area.
97. Nam: What causes global warming?
A. Changes in weather pattems resulting from global vvarming.
B. Too much carbon dioxide being trapped in the atmosphere.
C. Catastrophic consequences of global warming.
D. Common global wanning consequences.
98. Nam: What are the consequences of global warming?
A. Global warming causes many consequences.
B. Consequences of global warming is catastrophic.
C. Icebergs melt and low-lying areas are ílooded.
D. More trees are being cut down.
99. Nam: Why is global warming a problem?
A. People find it difficult to adapt to the changes in the weather pattems.
B. Global warming can benefit people in certain areas.
C. There’s no need to worry about global warming.
D. Global warming is a very interesting topic for presentation.
100. Nam: What are global warming gases?
A. Global warming gases are mainly man-made.
B. Global warming gases are everywhere.
C. The amount of carbon dioxide is increasing.
D. Carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane.
101. Lan: What can govemment do to punish íactories that violate environmental law?
A. So many of them are polluting the environment.
B. Yes, I think a big fine would be relevant.
C. They may force those factories to close down.
D. There are no factories in this region.
102. Lan : Who has to suffer global warming effects the most?
A. What are global warming effects?
B. Maybe poor people in low-lying areas.
C. All people suffer from global warming.
D. Only few people benefit from global warning.
103. Lan: How can we help to fight deforestation?
A. We may recycle paper and buy recycled paper Products.
B. We may cut down trees at an alarming rate.
C. We should only cut branches of big trees.
D. We should set up animal ranches near forests.
104. Nam: What will happen if the low-lying areas are flooded?
A. Low-lying areas are often flooded.
B. Flood happens when water level rises.
C. Low-lying areas can never be flooded.
D. People in these regions will have to face a lot of problems.
105. Lan: What do you do to help the environment?
A. It is the responsibility of the government.
B. I try to recycle more and reduce carbon footprint.
C. Everyone can protect the environment.
D. Environment helps people live comfortably.
We are probably all (106) _________ at some point in our lives of not caring for the environment as much as we should. Perhaps we drop litter without thinking, or cause (107) ________ by using our cars when it’s not necessary. However, the real environmental (108)_________ are those big businesses which ignore the law. For many years now, (109) __________have attempted to protect the environment by making businesses responsible for making sure that the chemical they use don’t add to the (110) __________of the environment. The problem for businesses is that the (111) __________of the environment costs money, and businesses will always try to
(112) _______ their costs if they can. Some of them do this by simply putting chemical into rivers when they have íĩnished with them, leading to the (113) _________ of major problems. Although government (114) __________ may try to catch them doing it, it can be very diffícult to get (115) _________ that a particular business is responsible for an environmental problem. It really depends (116) ___________ not only the government but also businesses and individuals as well. Ali people need to contribute to (117) __________ the environment.
(Source: Adapted from Laser BI+)
|106. A. guilty||B. proud||C. sorry||D. tired|
|107. A. damage||B. pollution||C. accidents||D. trouble|
|108. A. agents||B. crimes||C. criminals||D. doers|
|109. A. politicians||B. politics||C. parties||D. residents|
|110. A. induction||B. construction||C. instruction||D. destruction|
|111. A. production||B. protection||C. destruction||D. deforestation|
|112. A. stabilise||B. raise||C. lower||D.save|
|113. A. creation||B. creativity||C. creator||D. creature|
|114. A. suspicion||B. suspect||C. inspection||D. inspectors|
|115. A. improvement||B. proof||C. waterproof||D. prove|
|116. A. over||B. at||C. on||D. in|
|117. A. protecting||B. protect||C. protected||D. protection|
The costs and benefits of global warming will vary greatly from area to area. For moderate climate change, the balance can be difficult to assess. But the larger the change in climate, the more negative the consequences will become. Global warming will probably make life harder, not easier, for most people. This is mainly because we have already built enormous infrastructure based on the climate we now have.
People in some temperate zones may benefit from milder winters, more abundant rainfall, and expanding crop production zones. But people in other areas will suffer from increased heat waves, Coastal erosion, rising sea level, more erratic rainfall, and droughts.
The crops, natural vegetation, and domesticated and wild animals (including seafood) that sustain people in a given area may be unable to àdapt to local ơr regional changes in climate. The ranges of diseases and insect pests that are limited by temperature may expand, if other environmental conditions are also favourable.
In its summary report on the impacts of climate change, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change stated, ‘Taken as a whole, the range of published evidence indicates that the net damage costs of climate change are likely to be significant and to increase over time.”
(Source: Adaptedjrom the National Assessment Report by ihe U.S. Global Change
118. What is the main idea of the passage?
A. Environment pollution is real.
B. Reasons why low-lying areas are flooded.
C. Solutions to global warming.
Đ. Reasons why global warming is a problem.
119. Which of the following is TRUE as the result of global warming?
A. All people suffer from global wanning.
B. All people beneíìt from global warming.
C. Life is more difficult for the majority of people.
D. Life is easier for most people.
120. In paragraph 1, the word “this” reíers to _____________.
A. Harder life as a result of global warming
B. Easier life as a result ‘of global warming
C. Climate change on global scale
D. Flood in low-lying areas
121. In paragraph 2, the word “erratic” is closest in meaning to ____________.
A. Predictable B. unpredictable
C. Changeable D. unchangeable
122. According to the passage, all of the following are the results of global warming
A. Higher temperature B. coastal erosion
C. Increasing D. stable rainfall
123. What may happen to diseases and insect pests as a resuỉt of global wanning?
A. They will become extinct.
B. They will increase in number.
C. They will not harm our planet.
D. They will be under good control
The Amazon rainforest is home.to more than a third of ali the world’s species of plants, birds and animals. Twenty per cent of all the birds in the world live in the rainforest. Scientists have discovered thousands of types of plants and animals that can only be found there. There are thousands – probably millions more that we haven’t discovered yet. There are at least 2.5 million species of insects there. Imagine what would happen if they all lost their home? It couldn’t happen, could it? Unfortunately, it’s happening right now. Yet, the rainforest is big. But it’s getting smaller. The problem is that people are cutting down the trees, mainly to make room for cows. These provide meat and make money for their owners. This process of cutting down trees is called ‘deforestation’
The good news is that it is slowing down. In 2Ọ04, for example, more than
27.0 square kilometres were cut down. That’s an area bigger than Wales. In 2006, because of all the campaigns to save rainíbrest, it dropped to just over 13.0 square kilometres. The bad news is that it’s not enough. Scientists predict that by 2030, the rainíbrest will have become smaller by 40%. It’s possible that by the end of the 21st century, the rainforest will have completely disappeared. With deforestation, thousands of the animals, birds, fish and plants that live in the Amazon rainíbrest lose their home, their natural habitat. Some of them move to other areas, but most of them die. Many species have already become extinct, and many more will if deforestation continues. That will change the balance of life in the rainforest and could cause enormous problems to the region’s ecosystem.
There’s another problem too. Trees and plants are a vital source of oxygen. If we cut them down, we lose that oxygen. But it’s worse than just that. With deforestation, the trees and plants are bumt. This sends gases into the’ Earth’s atmosphere, which stops some of the Earth’s heat escaping. That then leads to the temperature here on the ground going up. This increase in the world’s temperature is called ‘global warming’, and most scientists believe it’s a very serious issue. If they stopped deforestation, it might help prevent global warming.
(Source: Adapted from Laser Bl+)
124. Which title best summarises the main idea of the passage?
A. Chances for owners of cow ranches
B. Threats to Amazon rainforest
C. Global warming effects
D. Habitat destruction
125. According to the passage, which of the following is TRUE?
A. A fifth of all the birds in the world live in the rainforest.
B. 20% of all the animals in the world li ve in the rainforest.
C. Nearly two million species of insects are found in the Amazon rainforest.
D. Nearly half of the world’s species of plants grow there.
126. In paragraph 1, the word “room” is closest in meaning to ___________ .
A. Chamber B. flat C. area D. studio
127. In paragraph 2, the word “it” refers to ______________.
A. Room B. process C. rainforest D. deforestation
128. According the passage, which of the following is TRUE about Amazon rainforest?
A. It has become smaller by 40%.
B. The deforestation is decreasing.
C. 25% of animal species are extinct now.
D. The deforestation is under control.
129. In paragraph 2, the word “enormous” is closest in meaning to _________ .
A. Serious B. important C. common D. insignificant
130. What might help to restrain global warming?
A. Increasing deforestation B. stabilising deforestation
C. Ceasing cutting down trees D. clearing more trees for farming
131. Having seen people suffer global warming consequences, we decided to reduce carbon footprints.
A. We decided to reduce carbon foootprints before seeing people suffer global warming consequences.
B. We saw people suffer global warming consequences after we decided to reduce carbon footprints.
C. We decided to cut down on carbon footprints after we saw people suffer global warming consequences.
D. We decided to cut down on carbon íbotprints before we saw people suffer global warming consequences.
132. Climate change leads to numerous catastrophic consequences.
A. Numerous catastrophic consequences result in climate change.
B. Numerous catastrophic consequences result from cỉimate change.
C. Climate change results from numerous catastrophic consequences.
D. Numerous catastrophic consequences cause climate change.
133. The increase in earth’s temperature can cause heat-related illnesses.
A. Heat-related illnesses result from the increase in earth’s temperature.
B. Heat-related illnesses result in the increase in earth’s temperature.
C. Heat-related illnesses lead to the increase in earth’s temperature.
D. Heat-related illnesses trigger the increase in earth’s temperature.
134. Carbon dioxide is one of the primary greenhouse gases that cause global warming.
A. Carbon dioxide is the only greenhouse gas that causes global warming.
B. Global warming results in greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide.
C. One of the main greenhouse gases that lead to global warming is carbon dioxide.
D. Global warming causes greenhouse gases, including carbon dioxide.
135. Planting trees can contribute to reducing global wanning.
A. Global warming can’t be controlled by planting trees.
B. Planting trees is the only way to control global warming.
C. Planting trees can accelerate global warming.
D. Planting trees can help reduce global warming.
136. He said that he would take responsibility for his company’s damage to the area. But then he clenied that.
A. Having denied his company’s damage, he took responsibility for it.
B. He denied having damaged to his company’s area.
C. He denied having taken responsibility for the damage to his company’s area.
D. He denied having said that he would take responsibility for his company’s damage to the area.
137. He donated a lot of money to environmental protection campaigns. He was admired for that.
A. Unless he donated a lot of money to environmental protection campaigns, he was admired.
B. He was admired for having donated a lot of money to environmental protection campaigns.
C. If he had donated a lot of money to environmental protection campaigns, he would have been admired.
D. If he donates a lot of money to environmental protection campaigns, he will be admired.
138. They decided to cut down their carbon footprints. They were praised for that.
A. They were praised for having decided to decrease their carbon íbotprints.
B. They were not punished for having decided to decrease their carbon footprints.
C. Unless they decided to cut down their carbon footprints, they were praised for that.
D. If they decided to cut down their carbon footprints, they would be praised for that.
139. We have advised you on how to cut down your energy use. We remember that.
A. We can no longer remember having advised you on how to decrease your energy use.
B. We remember having advised you on how to maintain your energy use.
C. We remember having advised you on how to decrease your energy use.
D. We remember to have advised you on how to decrease your energy use.
140. Some scientists have distorted the effects of climate change. They were
accused of that.
A. Some scientists were accused of having falsify the effects of climate change.
B. Some scientists were accused of having been honest about the effects of climate change.
C. Although some scientists have distorted the effects of climate change, they were not accused.
D. Some scientists were accused of having falsified the effects of clmiate change.